How Is Adjustable Gastric Band Performed?
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is one of the least invasive operations available for obesity. It is done with a few tiny abdominal cuts (1 cm), instead of with one large cut. The surgeon puts instruments through the cuts. One of those instruments is a laparoscope, a tool with a tiny camera. The surgeon uses these tools to place a band around the top portion of the stomach, leaving a very small pouch available for food. The small pouch means that you feel full after eating only small amounts of food. This will help you lose weight. As its name suggests, the procedure can be adjusted and even reversed.
What Are The Risks Of Adjustable Gastric Band?
Laparoscopic surgery carries fewer risk factors because you don't need a major cut, or incision. Although complications from surgery are less common with laparoscopic surgery, they could include life-threatening blood clots, bleeding, or infection. The procedure also carries the same risk of any general anesthetic for breathing problems and reactions to medication or anesthesia. Other LAGB complications can include band slippage, gastric perforation, or obstruction to the flow of food through the band. According to the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, food intolerance after gastric band surgery is common. For instance, you might not be able to digest red meat, a major source of dietary iron. This would put you at a higher risk for anemia. Severe, life-threatening vitamin and mineral deficiencies such as beriberi have also developed in people who have undergone this surgery. This is particularly true if they don't eat a high-protein diet and don't take their daily supplements as prescribed. And nutritional deficiencies can occur even if you closely follow the diet and supplements prescribed for you. Your doctor will typically order regular blood tests to watch your levels.
What Are The benefits Of Adjustable Gastric Band?
You will typically be able to go home the day after the procedure. Your diet will be mostly liquids and pureed food for two to three weeks. You will then slowly begin adding soft foods, then regular foods. You can return to a regular (but smaller) diet after about six weeks. As part of necessary lifestyle changes, you'll need to eat smaller meals. You'll need to chew your food slowly and repeatedly into a liquid slurry before swallowing. You also need to eat a healthy diet high in protein, vitamins, and minerals, and low in sugar. LAGB does not make you lose weight suddenly. But it is a safer, less invasive procedure than other weight-loss surgery, including traditional gastric bypass. You'll have to be prepared to eat appropriately and exercise. You can expect long-term weight loss equaling one fourth to one third of your original weight.